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Emotional intelligence is essential when it comes to building a well-balanced life.

Who Coined the Term Emotional Intelligence?

According to the World Economic Forum, emotional intelligence was ranked as of the top 10 most important workplace skills, when it comes to what workers will need in order to be successful in Emotional intelligence is a crucial and key ingredient of great leadership as well. Emotional intelligence is that ability you have that allows you to be smart about your feelings and emotions.

Those who are emotionally intelligent are also smart when it comes to sensing the feelings and emotions of others. In this article, we will briefly review the history of emotional intelligence, who first coined the term as well as who is considered the founder of emotional intelligence. David Walton and John Gottman, the field of emotional intelligence continues to both motivate and inspire us to learn more.

This may very well be the first academic usage of the term emotional intelligence. Over the next five years, there seemed to be no other use of the term, in academic research. They also seemed to be better at identifying their own feelings. Since then, Salovey and Mayer have developed two tests for measuring what they deemed emotional intelligence. However, since most of their work has been done academically, their names and research are not as widely known or recognized.

In terms of well-known research in emotional intelligence, Daniel Goleman is probably one of the most widely recognized. Goleman, a New York writer, and consultant began writing articles for Popular Psychology in the early 90s and then later wrote for the New York Times.

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In , while doing research for a book on emotions and emotional literacy, he discovered an article by Salovey and Mayer. Goleman was granted permission, as long as he was forthright in telling people where the term came from. He also began a speaking tour in order to promote the book, which became an international bestseller.

The book remained on the New York Times best-seller list for a year. There are some in the field who believe that Goleman may have misrepresented the original definition of emotional intelligence. In the original book, Goleman went into a lot of detail on the brain, emotions, and behavior. John Mayer has been quoted as stating that Goleman broadened the definition of emotional intelligence to such an extent that it no longer had any scientific meaning or utility. He was also quoted as saying that emotional intelligence was no longer a clear predictor of outcome.

Since then there have been many more definitions when it comes to emotional intelligence and many claims about what it is and how it works. Salovey and Mayer also started a research program, with the intention of developing valid measurements of emotional intelligence.

The research was also meant to explore the significance of emotional intelligence. In one study in which a group of individuals were watching a film that was upsetting, the group that scored higher when it came to emotional clarity recovered much more quickly on average. Emotional clarity was defined as the ability to identify and give a name to a certain mood that was being felt and experienced.

The research and understanding, as well as the implementation of Emotional Intelligence, continue to grow dramatically. Over the past decade, the term has grown and evolved. A plethora of scholars, researchers, coaches and consultants, and even neurobiologists have contributed to the theory and understanding. It was defined as:. Psychologists continue this trend even to this day through their various research and workplace applications. When it came to high performers the idea of EQ seemed to be a great advantage at the highest levels of leadership.

According to the Yale Center for Emotional Intelligence , John Mayer and Peter Salovey are generally considered the founders of emotional intelligence. The brilliant idea came about one summer when Salovey was painting his home along with his friend John Mayer. Salovey studied emotions and behavior, while Mayer studied the link between emotions and thought. While they were painting and working they collaborated and discussed different theories of intelligence. The two also discussed the concern that certain theories of intelligence had no clear way of placing emotions.

Overview of Emotional Intelligence

As they worked, they talked about the idea of a new kind of intelligence, the ability to understand recognize, utilize, and regulate emotions effectively in day-to-day life. The Yale Center for Emotional Intelligence continues to explore what emotional intelligence really means. He continues to carry out his original mission.

What Is Success?

While Salovey and Mayer may have coined the term EI, Goleman popularized it through his work and books. According to Goleman, skills like self-awareness and self-motivation are either instilled or destroyed in childhood. However, Goleman proclaims that adults can still learn and apply these skills. While Daniel Goleman was not the first to articulate the concept of emotional intelligence, his work did make the elements of emotional intelligence much more accessible to the broad segment of our society. Thanks to Daniel Goleman, educators now see and recognize the idea of emotional intelligence and how important it truly is.

When it comes right down to it, having a high IQ does not automatically guarantee success in life. By the s, psychologists were focused on the importance of other skill sets that may be needed to process information and promote success and leadership.

These same skill sets are also important in terms of personal fulfillment and happiness in relationships. Daniel Goleman was born on March 7, , in Stockton, California. He is a psychologist, writer, professor as well as a journalist and motivator. Goleman worked at the New York Times for more than 10 years, writing about the brain and behavioral sciences. According to Goleman, emotional intelligence is not a thing to be looked for, but something that is a part of you and an integral part of your inner-self.

Goleman believes IQ tests are designed to screen candidates based upon their ability to process information, as opposed to their likelihood of success. What this means is you might have someone who is brilliant on an intellectual level, but emotionally unfit. This misalignment may, in fact, be the cause of some of the biggest problems in life people face. TalentSmart is a consultancy that works with Fortune companies providing emotional intelligence training as well as tests. The book contains 66 proven strategies that teach things like self-awareness, self-management, social awareness and relationship management.

The research in the book is based on more than , people worldwide.

According to Dr. Travis Bradberry and Jean Greaves, the program can help people identify their level of emotional intelligence while helping to build their EQ skills. Bradberry is a world-renowned expert when it comes to emotional intelligence. The book Emotional Intelligence 2. These concepts are ordered from the basic to the higher order abilities, which are thought to develop as one matures. The perception of emotion includes non-verbal signals and stimuli such as art and landscapes.


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Understanding emotions involve concepts such as knowledge of emotions, emotional vocabulary, as well as changing emotions and creating other emotions over time. Managing emotions has to do with the ability to not only manage your own own emotions in a healthy way but to also manage the emotions of others.

It also presented EQ as the use of feelings that can help us motivate, plan and achieve things in life. Modern introductory texts also suggest that emotions are a disorganized response, largely visceral, resulting from a lack of effective adjustment. Looking at these interpretations of emotions we can see that we have come a long way in terms of emotional intelligence and it all started with Salovey and Mayer. Gill Hasson is a teacher, writer, and trainer based out of Brighton in the UK.

Hasson has written many books including:. Hasson has worked as a tutor for adult education organizations, training organizations and the University of Sussex. She specializes in and teaches personal development courses and topics such as confidence and self-esteem, assertiveness, communication skills, and resilience. Hasson also teaches professional development courses involving counseling skills, mentoring and a course for people training to teach in adult education. Hasson writes articles on personal development and self-improvement for magazines such as Psychologies and Natural Health as well.

Hasson talks about the idea that being clever, talented or skilled may not be enough to be successful in life.